Lutte contre le changement climatique : l’exemple de la métropole nantaise citée dans le rapport de Climate Alliance et la contribution au dialogue de Talanoa
Lutte contre le changement climatique : l'exemple de la métropole nantaise citée dans le rapport de Climate Alliance et la contribution au dialogue de Talanoa, initié lors de la COP23 et qui sera présenté lors de la COP24 en décembre 2018.
Le nom du Dialogue "Talanoa" est tiré d'un mot fidjien traditionnel utilisé à travers le Pacifique pour refléter un processus de dialogue inclusif, participatif et transparent.
L'objectif du dialogue était d'aider les gouvernements à relever leurs ambitions climatiques nationales à l'occasion de la conférence des Nations Unies sur le changement climatique en Pologne.
Texte en anglais - Rapport à télécharger ici
MOVING FORWARD WITH BROAD STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT
A story from Nantes, France
As one of the first French cities to sign the European Covenant of Mayors, Nantes has long taken its responsibility to tackle climate change seriously. By extending our district heating grid, installing renewables on key buildings, improving our public transport system and conducting energy retrofits, we have made significant progress on our 2020 goal of reducing emissions by 30%. So far, we have seen a 23% drop in greenhouse gas emissions since 2003.
Yet as a European city with a historical responsibility to the rest of the planet, we must do more to meet the goals set by both the scientific community and the Paris Agreement. Nantes has thus set a new target: to reduce emissions by 50% by 2030.
Achieving this target will no doubt take the work of many stakeholders – we know it is not only senseless but impossible to achieve such a goal through public means alone. We thus organised an Energy Transi- tion debate lasting seven months with more than 53,000 people. Some 500 citizens directly invented and experimented with new ways of accelerating the energy transition. The debate helped gather a wide vari- ety of stakeholders behind a common goal. The result: a roadmap consisting of 33 measures including commitments to foster an energy transition that is beneficial to all, especially with regard to transport and housing; that is completely based upon local renewable resources and that is empowering, enhancing inhabitants’ ability to act.
The challenge now is getting it done: finding the financial means to get the necessary work done and keeping all the stakeholders united around a binding and positive action plan.
To get there, we need to make sure that every investment made on all levels is useful for the future, facilitate access to financial means projects both big and small, and incentivise reliance on local busi- nesses and resources.
Cities are powerful actors but cannot act alone: the EU needs to ensure local governments have the means to really implement action on climate change.